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Belgrade Guide


Modern history

The historical science does not allow judging according to values, but requires scientific objectivity that can, according to general opinion, be achieved only by time distance. Since this requirement we haven’t satisfied, but are the living witnesses of what happened form the 90’s till now, the only satisfying way is to name the events.

1991 – the fall of SFRJ and the beginning of civil war. 1992 – Belgrade became the capital of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. On 30 May same year The Security Council of the United Nations enforced financial sanctions against FR Yugoslavia and this led to the highest hyperinflation in the history of mankind and many Belgrade inhabitants hardly survived. You needed banknotes with huge numbers printed on them just to buy milk or oil, and, of course, if you could find them in the shop outside which you had spent hour waiting in line. 1994 – a new convertible dinar appeared, known as “grandpa Avram’s dinar”.

From November 1996 till February 1997 - student and civil demonstrations took place. Forging the results of local elections caused them. 1197 – after more than fifty years, the first non-communist government in Belgrade.

24 March, 1999 – 78 days long bombardment of Belgrade and Serbia started. Once again Belgrade was attacked, this time with the latest modern technology, with so-called “smart” bombs, but also with bombs with depleted uranium. Beside military targets, civil targets were also bombed, but also the targets in the city centre – Clinic and hospital centre “Dragisa Misovic” in Dedinje, Radio-television of Serbia building in Abardareva street, “Usce” business centre, Chinese embassy in New Belgrade, the building of the Ministry of Justice in Nemanjina street, the buildings of republic and federal Ministry of Internal affairs in Knez Milos street, the building of General staff of Yugoslav army, etc. 5 October, 2000 – mass demonstrations take place in the centre of Belgrade, again caused by forging the election results. In these demonstrations the buildings of the Federal Parliament and the Radio-television of Serbia were taken over. 2001 – the sanctions were suspended. 2002 – the ratification of the constitutional charter of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. 

2008. With support of the USA and some of the EU countries, Albanians from Kosovo and Metohija province of Serbia declare independence from Serbia. The international community is still divided over this issue - some countries have recognised Kosovo independence, some are against it. Serbian leaderhip does not want an armed conflict and is striving to prevent the secession of its province throught diplomatic and political means. Massive protests are staged throughout Serbia. Around 500 000 people are gathered in Belgrade at peaceful demonstrations and prayer against Kosovo independence.

It is old, very old our Belgrade, but at the same time it is true when we say: “Belgrade, Belgrade, for you the time does not pass, you are always young at your heart”. During its long history it had glorious and inglorious, but certainly important moments, saw the important and the cruel, but also the wise and humane military leaders and statesmen, had different names, survived the attacks of many military forces, and was the capital of many states, but it was always like the phoenix, reborn from the ashes. It is as if even the last historical events are far behind us, clear only in our memory, books, historical documents and news, since Belgrade streets show no sign of them. Belgrade is a true European metropolis with lots of hotels, restaurants, Belgrade inns, important institutions, cultural and sport events, and, of course, famous beautiful Belgrade women.

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